Consulting/Advisory Services

IT vendor management best practices for the public sector

When it comes to external contractors, public agencies have a lot to juggle. Utilizing IV&V in IT vendor management can make things easier.

Considerations for IT vendor management best practices

Organizations want the best results from their IT projects while keeping risks low, optimizing the return on investment, and maintaining a competitive advantage. A crucial element of their success is effective vendor management, but many lack the internal structure or team resources to ensure there is proper vendor oversight.

Independent verification and validation (IV&V) is a comprehensive review, analysis, and testing of software or hardware that’s performed by an objective third party to confirm that requirements have been defined correctly and that the system is compliant with the required functionality and technical and security requirements.1 IV&V serves as an extra set of expert and experienced eyes, and it’s especially helpful in ensuring quality, compliance, risk mitigation, and reliability throughout the IT vendor engagement lifecycle.

Adopting IV&V as part of IT vendor management best practices

The demand for IV&V services in IT vendor management is driven by several factors, including:

Complex vendor ecosystems

Organizations struggle to manage diverse vendor relationships. Most large-scale projects involve multiple vendors and partners. This requires rigorous oversight to ensure satisfactory performance and project outcomes, as well as mitigate risks.

Regulatory and security requirements

As public sector organizations maintain compliance with industry-specific regulatory requirements, new projects must support (and not detract from) compliance. Special attention must be given to all details of new projects and vendor engagements. Additionally, data security and risk mitigation require careful oversight and management throughout the project lifecycle.

Focus on outsourcing

With frequent shifts in the employment landscape, many public agencies struggle to retain a robust, internal talent pool. As they turn to outsourcing and third-party engagements, they need independent validation to ensure the quality, reliability, and security of outsourced products and services.

Quality assurance imperatives

Organizations are recognizing the importance of IV&V in safeguarding their reputation, protecting their financial investments, and ensuring customer satisfaction in vendor-driven initiatives.

By leveraging IV&V best practice methodologies, public sector organizations can anticipate significant improvements in project efficiency and transparency.

IV&V creates a way to more effectively:

Assess IT vendor capabilities during acquisition

Conduct comprehensive evaluations of vendor capabilities, such as technical expertise, related business expertise, resource management, availability, capability, and maturity, to inform vendor selection decisions.

Verify contractual compliance

Independently validate vendor compliance with contractual obligations including all functional and technical requirements, service level agreements (SLAs), and regulatory requirements to mitigate the risk of contract breaches or disputes.

Monitor performance

Implement ongoing monitoring mechanisms to track key performance indicators (KPIs), identify deviations from expected outcomes, and recommend corrective actions to ensure adherence to quality standards.

Identify risks

Conduct thorough risk assessments to identify and mitigate the risks associated with vendor dependencies, development and implementation schedule and cost adherence, operational disruptions, security vulnerabilities, and regulatory non-compliance. This enhances organizational resilience.

Monitor quality assurance

Validate the quality and reliability of deliverables to ensure they meet specified requirements, adhere to industry standards, and fulfill organizational and project objectives. Making sure that expectations have been met safeguards the integrity of the customer’s project.

Technologies impacting IV&V in IT vendor management

Several technologies are revolutionizing IV&V services, helping to enhance efficiency, transparency, and effectiveness. These three are making the biggest impact:

  • Automation tools such as development operations (DevOps), Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM) services, and development security operations (DevSecOps) can streamline vendor assessment, performance monitoring, and compliance validation processes, enabling rapid and scalable vendor oversight.
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) powered analytics facilitate predictive insights, anomaly detection, early warning risk indicators, and trend analysis, empowering proactive and timely risk management and decision-making. Additionally, as the models mature and organizations iteratively improve their approach, the IV&V process becomes more effective.
  • Collaborative platforms provide seamless communication and collaboration between stakeholders involved in IT vendor management, enhancing transparency, accountability, and alignment of objectives.

IV&V is a key component of IT vendor management best practices

IV&V services are critical for effective IT vendor management, enabling public agencies to proactively mitigate risks, ensure compliance, and optimize outcomes in their IT vendor relationships. By harnessing advanced technologies and adopting IV&V best practices, organizations can navigate the complexities of vendor oversight with confidence and achieve sustainable success in today's dynamic business landscape.

CAI considers IT vendor management a crucial, integrated component of project management services for our state and local government partners. CAI IV&V consulting and advisory services help our clients enhance accountability and transparency, supporting citizen demands for efficient and effective use of taxpayer funds.

If your agency is dealing with delayed project implementation or looking to invest in new, large-scale projects, consider meeting with our expert team to learn how CAI can help.


  1. NIST Glossary. Information technology laboratory. Computer security resource center.

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